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Research

Material available:

Project of BMBF: Growing Mega City HCMC. Member of the research project and responsible for action field II: Integrated regional development and spatial organization in the first phase 2005-2008. Four workshops in Vietnam, numerous lectures and presentations.

  • Bose, M. (2007/2008), Interim Report 2007 and Final Report 2008. Action Field II: „Integrated regional development and spatial organization“. Hamburg/Cottbus.
  • Bose, M. (2009), Anforderungen an den Stadtumbau auf regionaler Ebene in der mega-urbanen Region Ho Chi Minh City, in: Altrock, U. u.a., Megacities und Stadterneuerung, Jahrbuch Stadterneuerung 2009, S. 129-136
  • Bose, M. (2008), Nachhaltige räumliche Entwicklung megaurbaner Regionen-Ho Chi Minh City, in: PlanerIn, (1), S. 42-45.
  • Bose, M. (2007), Regionale Strategien für eine nachhaltige Wohnungspolitik in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, in: Pacific News, (27), S. 11-13.
  • Waibel, M., Eckert, R., Bose, M. and Martin, V. (2007), Housing for Low-income Groups in Ho Chi Minh City between Re-Integration and Fragmentation – Approaches to Adequate Urban Typologies and Spatial Strategies. In: ASIEN 103, pp. 59-78.

Material available:

  • Presentation on the occasion of German/Vietnamese government consultations between the state secretaries of BMVBS and Ministry of Construction (VN), 07.10.2011 in Hanoi
  • Panel discussion and presentation on the conference of the Goethe-Institut Hanoi: Comprehensive strategies for urban traffic and urban transport and integrative implementation. Requirements for a sustainable urban development in Vietnam. Organized by German Embassy VN, Goethe-Institut VN, GIZ VN and DAAD VN, 22.-23.06.2011, Hanoi
  • Presentation Growth of Urban Traffic in Vietnam – impact on climate change and on sustainable urban development, on the occasion of an excursion of HafenCity University of Hamburg to University of Architecture HCMUARC, 03.03.2011 HCMC (sponsored by DAAD)
  • Presentation at the German/Vietnamese dialogue about The Future of the City and City of the Future (sponsored by BMBF), 20.09.2010, Hanoi, Transport Development and Strategy Institute, University of Transport and Communication Hanoi. German Lead Partner: University of Bremen

Publications:

  • Bose, M. (2013), Verschiedene Geschwindigkeiten in der Entwicklung der megaurbanen Region HCMC und des Verkehrs, in: Waibel, M. (Hg.): Ho Chi Minh MEGA City, Berlin
  • Bose, M. (2011), Nachhaltiger städtischer Verkehr in Vietnam – Hindernisse und Anforderungen, in: Bass, H. H.; Biehler, C.; Tuan, L. H.: Auf dem Weg zur nachhaltigen zu nachhaltigen städtischen Transportsystemen. Ein deutsch-vietnamesischer Dialog über die Zukunft der Stadt und die Stadt der Zukunft, S. 37-58, München

A comparative study of capital cities built in the 20th century: An analysis of planning ideas, implementation and changes as well as current challenges in urban development.

For several decades German planning practice has been focussed on planning within existing building structures, on urban renewal and conversion. In view of the demographic change and low economic growth rates the planning of urban expansion in the form of new city districts or even completely new cities is hardly discussed. Some experts principally doubt that whole cities can be planned.

Year after year a large number of new mega cities arise in the fast growing Developing Countries and Emerging Countries. Whole new cities are being planned by international architecture and planning offices, state-owned planning agencies or by globally acting construction companies. Future forecasts predict a further very fast increasing trend of urbanization. This requires a set of promising criteria, visions, concepts and implementation strategies for sustainable urban development.


The analysis of success and failure of planning and implementation of cities built in the past century can give valuable information and advice for future planning. Although the new capital cities of the 20th century are special cases in new city building they are a suitable subject of investigation for urban and regional planning ideas as well as their implementation for several reasons. Both public authorities and planners of new capital cities were ambitious to develop representative capitals for the needs of the respective countries. All this ideas tried to meet the most up-to-date concepts, methods and strategies of urban planning. Next to their purpose of representation and formation of a national identity the capitals therefore are outstanding examples for the prevailing ideas of urban planning and design at their time of creation. Hence they illustrate the change of the understanding of urban planning during one century.

The aim of the research project is to analyse the different concepts, the chosen implementation strategies and their modifications up to today as well as the current demands of urban development. It is to examine how flexible planners reacted to changing social, economic, political and technical conditions. As a result of this comparative study the urgent challenges for a sustainable urban development of the analysed capital cities in the 21st century will be described.

 

Contacts, interviews and site visits within the research project 2012 – 2014

19.08.2012 – 12.09.2012

Gaborone/Botswana
Lilongwe/Malawi

Dodoma and Dar es Salaam/Tansania


03.12.2012
Interview concerning Abuja/Nigeria with a member of management of Albert Speer & Partner GmbH in Frankfurt

02.01.2013
Interview concerning his collaboration on capital city planning of Dodoma/Tanzania and Abuja/Nigeria with Arch. Michael Nuss, former employee of PPAL/Toronto, ASP Frankfurt and Julius Berger Nigeria, in Darmstadt

21.01.2013
Interview concerning capital city planning of Canberra/Australia with Prof. Dr. Friedhelm Fischer, University of Kassel/University of Sydney, and Prof. James Weirick, University of Sydney, in Kassel

17.02.2013 – 28.02.2013
Islamabad/Pakistan
Chandigarh/India

16.08.2013 – 30.08.2013
Brasilia and Rio de Janeiro/Brazil

14.09.2013 – 20.09.2013
Astana/Kazakhstan

05.06.2014 – 22.06.2014
Putrajaya and Kuala Lumpur/Malaysia